Further Information on Voting Systems
For more information about voting systems you may wish to see some of the following resources. Do remember though that the important thing is getting PR in one form or another, not getting caught up in the detail and debating which PR system is best. If you’d like to take action rather than trying to become a political scientist, see My Actions.
Proportional Representation on Wikipedia - a good explanation of the main systems and strengths and weaknesses of different voting systems.
Voting systems made simple by the Electoral Reform Society
Proportional Representation Voting Systems by the PR Library
Electoral Systems Comparator by Patrick Herring - an interactive web-page for filtering and sorting voting systems by property, e.g. PR, Open.
Voting Systems by Voting Reform: the Options (one of MVM’s Facebook groups) - a comparison of voting systems noting key points about different systems.
The Report of the Independent Commission on the Voting System by Roy Jenkins in 1998 - the report which gave us AV+. It is wordy but gives a good introduction to how experienced legislators see the problem.
The Politics of Electoral Reform by Michael Meadowcroft
Electoral Disproportionality: What Is It and How Should We Measure It? By Alan Renwick, Lecturer in Politics & Deputy Director of The Constitution Unit, University College, London.
Choosing an Electoral System, by the British Academy Policy Centre - a good review of the different options for those who want to go into great detail.
The Electoral Sweet Spot by Carey and Hix - an academic research paper from the London School of Economics that reviews the impact different proportional systems have had on how successful governments have been and comes up with what the writers believe is the system that gets the best practical results - again for those who want to go into great detail!
John Cleese on PR in 1987
A quick guide to German Federal Elections - a top-up system
An introduction to the D'Hondt method using Pet Elections by Spike Milligan - the counting method used in the Scottish system to select the top-up candidates and in many list based voting systems. The first section covers how this works and may be all you want to watch.